“Solo®” is the brand name for SCCA® Autocrossing and on paper it seems very simple – use traffic cones to make a mini-roadcourse in a large parking lot or unused airport tarmac and see who can drive it the quickest without hitting any cones or going off course.

Despite the generally low speeds attained during competition, it’s one of the fastest paced, rapid-fire forms of motorsports you can find, with barriers to entry so low that many people are able to compete and be competitive at it.

Competitors range from the casual participant who may use the same daily driver that they car-pool with to the hard-core driver who has a special car, special tires and uses lots of vacation days to squeak out every last fraction of a second. In between the extremes, there are levels and classes for different degrees of car modification.

If you have never autocrossed before or don’t know the specific details, check out the "I want to Autocross" SCCA Official page. It will give you the basics of participating in an event. Don’t worry – it’s pretty easy and there are people to help along the way.

What to bring

R = Required, O = Optional

Driver's License
Closed Toe Shoes
Tire Gauge
Lunch Plans
Air Compressor

*Please see 2019 Helmet Certification Label Chart for qualifying helmets. Helmets are required; if you do not bring a qualifying helmet, we provide loaner helmets.

Preparing your car

R = Required, O = Optional

No loose items
Sufficient fuel
Undamaged tires
Battery secured
Functional seatbelts
Functional brakes
Functional steering and suspension
All wheel lugs present and tightened
No fluid leaks
Numbers and Class
Securely mounted action camera
Clean windshield

Event Itinerary

  • 4 days prior Map posted
  • 1 day prior Online registration closes
  • 6:45 AM Set up site
  • 8:00 AM Check-in & Tech Opens
  • 9:15 AM Check-in & Tech Closes
  • 9:20 AM Novice Walk
  • 10:15AM Group A Drives | Group B Works
  • TBA Group B Drives | Group A Works
  • TBA 1 hour lunch break
  • TBA Group A Drives | Group B Works
  • TBA Group B Drives | Group A Works
  • ~3:30 PM Results Posted

Driving the course

Driving Coaches

At CENLA, we assign the previous event's winners as Driving Coaches for their worker station. All you have to do is leave your hazards on in grid and they will hop in and ride with you before you go out on your run.

Pointer Cones

The cones that are lying down are directional cones or, "pointers." They act as arrows to tell you which side of the cone to go on. If you happen to go on the wrong side of these pointer cones the penalty applied is considered a "Did Not Finish" (DNF). Your time will still display but does not count for the competition.

Hitting a cone

Each cone position is marked with a chalk outline known as a "box.". If your car causes a cone to fall over or get knocked completely out of its box, it’s a 2-second penalty. If a driver runs over or bumps a cone and it stands back up or doesn't fall over no penalty is applied as long as some part of the cone is still touching the box. Hitting pointer cones do not count as penalties.

Red Flag

If you are driving and you see a red flag being waved (anywhere), quickly bring your car to a safe stop. When a course worker clears you, you may proceed to drive through the finish timers and return to grid. If the red flag was not your fault, your run will not count and you will get a rerun.

Spinning Out or Getting Lost

If you spin out or get lost on course, do not forget to drive through the finish timers. This prevents timing errors and ensures the event continues smoothly.

Worker stations

Corner CaptainRelay penalty information to timing. Controls red flag and oversees corner workers.Yes4-5
Corner Worker*Runs to reset cones and report penalties to captain.No12-15
Start Lines up cars at starting line for release.Yes1
GridSends cars to start.Yes1-2
Safety StewardOversees safety of event.Optional1
TimingOversees timing software and assigns penalties.Yes1-2
AnnouncerAnnounces times over loudspeaker.No1
PhotographerTakes photos. Requires a spotter if shooting on course.No1
Driving CoachFastest driver from previous event rides with drivers requesting coachingNo1
*Novices will be assigned as corner workers for their first few events

Working the course

Corner Worker

  • Make sure your back is not facing oncoming cars
  • When resetting a cone, always be aware of oncoming traffic
  • If a cone has moved but is safe, make the "safe" gesture from baseball
  • If a car has DNF'ed, make an X with your arms to communicate to your captain
  • You must be standing while course is hot
  • Hitting pointer cones do not count as penalties

Corner Captain

  • Before course is hot, inform workers what areas your station is covering
  • Only call in penalties for your section
  • Making a radio call should go like: "[Car Number], [Car Class], plus X cone(s)" or "[Car Number], [Car Class], DNF"
  • Spread workers out to cover common penalty occurences
  • Always be aware of radio calls, make sure volume is at maxed out
  • Do not roll up the red flag
  • Offer water to workers
  • If there is any danger on course such as a disabled or spun out vehicle, wave the red flag
  • If you see another captain waving a red flag, you need to wave yours making sure all cars are stopped


  • If there will be two cars on course, agree on a release point for the second car with a safety steward
  • Be aware of radio calls, Start will often be called to 'hold start' or cease the release of cars
  • Make sure timing is aware of what car number/classes are lined up
  • Make sure cars are lined up consistently to ensure fair play
  • Confirm that a driver is ready before release


  • Make sure double driver cars are lined up towards the front of the grid
  • If double drivers are present, pick a halfway point in the grid to send out second drivers
  • Ensure that there are at least 3 cars at start
  • Make sure upcoming drivers are in their cars

Car Classes

Finding a class for your lightly modified vehicle

For stock or lightly modified cars, your car will likely fall into Street or Street Touring class. Car classes are listed on page 184 of the 2019 Solo National Solo Rules.

2019 SCCA® National Solo® Rules

Finding a class for your modified vehicle

For modified cars, you will fall into a certain class based on the magnitude of the changes. Check the cheat sheet below for an approximate classing. Refer to the official rules above for specifics.

2019 Category Allowances "Cheat Sheet"   

Understanding PAX values

PAX is an index system designed to equalize participants running cars from different SCCA Solo classes in the same local regional class. The PAX value is a multiplier used on the entrant's time, and then compared directly with other class competitors and their PAX multiplied time. PAX values are updated yearly taking data from 500+ national SCCA Solo events.


Street Touring

Street Prepared

Street Modified


ClassPopular Cars*Pax Index
SSPorsche GT4/GT3/Cayman GT4, Acura NSX, Chevrolet Corvette Z06 (C7)0.821
ASChevrolet Corvette Z06 (C6), Porsche Cayman0.817
BSTesla Model 3, Lotus Evora, BMW M2/M3/M4, Porsche Cayman S (06-08)0.810
CSMazda Miata ND1/ND2, Honda S20000.809
DSHonda Civic Type R, Ford Focus RS, Audi TTS0.800
ESMazda Miata (NB), Toyota MR2 Spyder0.789
FS2011 BMW M3 Competition Package0.803
GSHonda Civic Si (17-19), Volkswagen GTI0.788
HSFord Fiesta ST, Honda Civic Si (06-08)0.780
SSRChevrolet Corvette GS/Z060.843
STUBMW M3, Subaru WRX STI, Mitsubishi Evo IX, Nissan 350Z/370Z0.828
STRMazda Miata ND1/ND20.827
STXSubaru BRZ, Scion FR-S, Mazda RX-8 0.815
STSMazda Miata (NA 1.6), Honda CRX/CRX Si0.811
STHSubaru Impreza WRX (14-16), Audi TT, Mazda Mazdaspeed 3, Volkswagen Golf R0.813
SSPCovette Z06 (C6), Porsche GT3, Lamborghini Huracan, McLaren 720S0.853
ASPMitsubishi Evo IX/VIII, BMW 1M, Mazda RX7 (FD)0.850
BSPMazda Miata (ND), Honda S2000, Nissan 370Z0.851
CSPMazda Miata (NA/NB)0.857
DSPMazda RX-8, BMW 330Ci/325is/323i0.840
ESPChevrolet Camaro, Ford Mustang, Infiniti G350.836
FSPVolkswagen Rabbit, Toyota Corolla GTS ('86), Honda CRX, BMW 318TI0.824
SSMHonda S2000, Mazda Miata (NA), Lotus Elise, Toyota MR20.875
SMMitsubishi Evolution IX, Subaru Impreza WRX0.855
SMFHonda Civic, Honda CRX0.841
XPMazda RX-7 (FD)0.885
CPFord Mustang (65-11), Chevrolet Camaro (79-97)0.848
DPMazda Miata (NA)0.858
EPHonda Civic (86-90), Honda CRX0.849
FPHonda S2000, Mazda Miata (NB), Datsun 240/280Z0.863
*Based on 2019 and 2018 SCCA National Solo Finale Entrants